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Geography Curriculum

Geography at Flyford Flavell First School 


At Flyford, we want every child to appreciate the relationship of human and physical geography, how humans affect the environment and how the environment impacts them. Children will master technical skills such as map reading (including scaling, orientation and direction) and be able to relate abstract representations to real life features.  Children will gain a deeper understanding of our local geography and how and where the children live relates with the wider world. They will undertake regular field work to apply their skills and be able to compare different areas of the world with their own locality.


Click here to view the National Curriculum for Geography.

Geography: Key Skills Progression Map


Early Years 

Geography learning follows the interest of the children as part of ‘Understanding the World’. Pupils learn about the seasons and different types of weather as part of their daily routine. Throughout the year children may wish to learn about volcanoes, or a specific country if they have been on holiday there. We facilitate this by finding the location on a globe or world map, sharing experiences of what it was like to be there, looking at photos of families and homes to compare and contrast it to the children’s own lives. Children’s learning often follows current affairs seen on the news from around the world such as, fires, floods and the impact of humanity on the world. They also learn about physical geography in their own locality, including our own forest school.


Year 1

Pupils continue to explore seasonal weather as part of the daily routine but build on their knowledge by including the analysis of weather maps. They also extend this knowledge by looking at hot and cold localities around the world. Children develop their directional geographical language by following directions around school. Pupils further their map work skills, looking at symbols particularly, and design their own story maps as part of the English topic. The children also develop the ability to give instructions and direct each other around an obstacle course. They also learn about the continents, oceans and countries of the United Kingdom through songs and rhymes.  


Year 2

The children recap the countries of the UK and focus on the characteristics of modern day London prior to learning about the Great Fire in history. They use historical maps to look at the way the fire spread and how London changed in the aftermath. Children investigate where key landmarks such as castles or beaches are as well as study regions with contrasting human and physical geographical features to our own locality, such as the Amazon Rainforest. Pupils develop their use of maps and aerial photographs throughout our studies, but particularly within our own locality, drawing and mapping the village. They can explain what they like and do not like about an area, in addition to  what facilities are present or needed and how an area can be spoilt or improved.   Children will study the stars and planets to help gain understanding of a sense of place and investigate key explorers, their jobs and key features and differences of their discovered areas compared to our own.


Year 3/4

While learning about the Ancient Romans, children focus on historical geography and use atlases and maps to find out which countries the Romans conquered. They use maps of modern day Europe to enable them to compare and understand the scale of the Roman Empire.  The children will find out about the many different environmental regions, climates, landscapes and key physical characteristics found around the world.  They will also learn about human geography including how migration has influenced these settlements. As part of this study, they will use atlases to identify the different countries that comprise the continent and explore the unique features within the states. Children will also be introduced to longitude and latitude and the various time zones of the world. Through their history topic exploring Invaders, they study historical maps to explore where the invaders came from and where they settled. Pupils also use atlases to identify the origins of place names and how these words have become rooted in our language. During their trip to Manor Residential, the children will further enhance their fieldwork skills by mapping an unfamiliar area and developing their orienteering skills to navigate a set course.